Adjectives often come according to the word they describe. Since the order of words is not central to the meaning of a Latin sentence, the adjective may appear somewhere within the sentence. In z.B. poetry, several words often separate an adjective from the name that changes it. A. Some adjectives have practically become nouns and are often altered by other adjectives or the possessive gene. We must now identify the information needed for each word in order to determine the limits of their Latin correspondences. For the names, we need their role in the judgment to determine the case. For verbs, we need to know the voice, mood, tension, person (subject) and number (subject). For adjectives, we just need to know which name they change and how the verb changes the name from the sentence (it will be positive/comparative/superlative, but for now the adjectives will all be positive). The diagram below shows what we need. Oral numbers are all adjectives with regular first and second clinics. Most are built from the stems of the numbers of cardinals (z.B trecesimus, -a, -um (30th) of tr`ginté (30), s scent`simus, -a, -um n`nus, -a, -um (609.) for s`scent`novem (609).
However, “first” is pr-mus, -a, -um and “second” is secundus, -a, -um (literally “follow” the first; sequi means “follow”). It`s time to complicate sentences. In reality, the structure of sentences is always the same, but now we add a few words to give more information about thought. Instead of saying, “The man has shoes,” we can say, “The happy man has a lot of shoes.” All it requires is the ability to place adjectives in the right part of the sentence or to identify adjectives in Latin. So let`s start by identifying every part of the sentence. They will want to train themselves to notice the respective names and adjectives through common ends. If z.B. a name and an adjective have the same type of ending, in sex, case and number, then these two more than likely go together.5 We`re going to put them together. A.
With two or more substantives, the adjective is regularly plural, but it often corresponds to the nearest (especially if it is attribute). Most of the adjectives in the third version do not have separate male and female forms. (Neur adjectives follow the third castration pattern of the declination.) Adjectives have positive, comparative and superlative forms. The adjectives of the superlatives are rejected according to the first and second declination, but the comparative adjectives are the third declination. The female adjectives of the 1/2nd declination The positive form of an adverb can often be formed from an adjective by adding the suffix -` (2nd adjective of declination) or -(t) to (3rd adjectives of declination). Thus, the adjective cl`rus, -a, can be contrasted with the adjective creer, which means “bright.” The adverbiale – (i) ter ending is used to make adverbs from 3. Declination adjectives, such as Celer “fast,” Celeriter “fast.” Other endings, for example.B. -, -, -tim are also found. Nomads, adjectives and pronouns have not only sex and number, but also different extremities depending on their function in the sentence, z.B “the king” (subject), but also “the king” (object). These different endings are called “cases.” Most names have six cases: nominative (subject), accumulator (object), genomic (“of”), dative (“too” or “for”), ablative (“with” or “in”) and Vovokaten (used for addressing).